These were finally closed later in 1674 by the veto of King Louis XIV and the election of John Sobieski. Louis II Capet de Bourbon, Duke of Bourbon, Count of Forez, Baron of Combrailles, was born 4 February 1337 to Pierre I de Bourbon (1311-1356) and Isabella de Valois (1313-1383) and died 10 August 1410 inMontluçon of unspecified causes. Luís II de Bourbon, conhecido como "o Grande Condé"  (Paris, 8 de setembro de 1621 — Palácio de Fontainebleau, 11 de dezembro de 1686), era Príncipe de Condé, Duque de Bourbon, Duque de Enghien, Duque de Montmorency, Duque de Châteauroux, Duque de Bellegarde, Duque de Fronsac, Governador do Berry, Conde de Sancerre (1646-1686), Conde de Charolais (a partir de 1684), Par de França. English: Louis II de Bourbon, Prince de Condé 8 September, 1621 – 11 November, 1686) was a French soldier and the most famous representative of the Condé branch of the House of Bourbon.Prior to his father's death in 1646, he was styled the Duc d'Enghien. His position, however, soon became both politically and militarily untenable, and he left Paris (October 1652) to take service with the Spaniards, whose generalissimo he became. It was the greatest French victory for a century and was due, beyond doubt, to his personal effort. Their children were: That he was capable of waging a methodical war of positions may be assumed from his campaigns against Turenne and Montecucculi, the greatest generals opposing him. At one moment Condé entertained the idea of having himself elected king of Poland, but, despite his determined measures and the support of Louis XIV, he was unsuccessful. (This dream of kingship he was to pursue vainly for several years.). The duc d’Enghien won his first great victory over the Spaniards as head of the royal army at Rocroi (May 19, 1643). He was one of Louis XIV's most pre-eminent generals. Together with the Marshal de Turenne he led the French to a favorable peace in the Thirty Years' War. Genealogy profile for Louis Armand II de Bourbon, prince de Conti. Author of. Louis II de Bourbon, né le 4 février 1337, mort au château de Montluçon le 10 août 1410, fut duc de Bourbon de 1356 à 1410, baron de Combrailles en 1388 et comte de Forez par mariage. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Louis II de Bourbon, né le 4 février 1337, mort au château de Montluçon le 10 août 1410, fut duc de Bourbon de 1356 à 1410, baron de Combrailles en 1400 et comte de Forez par mariage. Pendant les troubles de la Fronde, il adopte une attitude ambiguë. Louis de Bourbon b. Louis married Claire Clémence de Maillé, daughter of Urbain de Maillé, Marquis of Brézé and Nicole du Plessis de Richelieu, at the Palais Royal in Paris, in February 1641, in the presence of King Louis XIII of France, Anne of Austria, and Gaston of France. His attitude both to religion and to politics was unorthodox, for he was as rebellious to ecclesiastical dogma as to the authority of the king. After the Peace of the Pyrenees had been signed (1659), Condé returned to Paris and, reentering the king’s good graces, was received by him at Aix-en-Provence on Jan. 27, 1660. Having completed the evacuation of the United Provinces, he halted the prince of Orange’s army at Seneffe in the Spanish Netherlands (Aug. 11, 1674), then raised the siege of Oudenarde. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. En 1641, il e… …of the Princes, headed by the Great Condé.  His masterpiece, the Battle of Rocroi, is still studied by students of military strategy. Rest assured, that even without Napoleon, France boasts a number of military giants, not only in French history but in the history of the world at large and one of those was most certainly Louis II de Bourbon, Prince de Condé. In 1643 his success at the Battle of Rocroi, in which he led the French army to an unexpected and decisive victory over the Spanish, established him as a great general and popular hero in France. To these traits he added peerless courage—as may be seen by his help and protection of Protestants who were persecuted after the revocation of the Edict of Nantes (1685). Thereupon, his friends launched the second war of the Fronde, which ended with Condé’s release and Mazarin’s first voluntary exile. Louis II de Bourbon-Condé est un cousin issu de germain de Louis XIV, leurs arrières grands-pères Louis Ier de Bourbon-Condé et Antoine de Bourbon étaient frères. … Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. CONDÉ, LOUIS II. Here he assembled a brilliant circle of literary men, including Molière, Racine, Boileau, La Fontaine, Nicole, Bourdaloue, and Bossuet. Louis II De Bourbon Paperback – Large Print, October 27, 2009. by . https://www.britannica.com/biography/Louis-II-de-Bourbon-4e-prince-de-Conde. 1569 He allegedly fathered a son by his mistress Isabelle de Limeuil , who served as Maid of Honour to Catherine de' Medici and was a member of her notorious group of female spies known at the French court as the "Flying Squadron". Il est le fils du prince Henri II de Bourbon-Condé et de Charlotte de Montmorency, et le frère d'Anne-Geneviève (connue sous le nom de Madame de Longueville, elle a joué un rôle important pendant la Fronde des princes) et de Armand de Bourbon-Condé, prince de Conti. – Fontainebleau, 1686. december 11. He was sentenced to death as a rebel on Nov. 25, 1654. On his recall to Flanders, however, he won another great victory at Lens (Aug. 19–20, 1648). Portraits and busts of Condé suggest rapacity: wide, protruding eyes and a prominently downcurving “Bourbon” nose dominate a thin and bony face in which a willful mouth overshadows a receding chin. He maintained a troupe of comedians who toured the provinces; he protected Jean de La Fontaine, Nicolas Boileau, and Molière; and he chose Jean de La Bruyère to tutor his son, Henri-Jules.  In his last letter to Louis, he asked that his estranged wife never be released from her exile to the countryside; she survived until 1694. Find a Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com: accessed ), memorial page for Louis II de Bourbon (4 Aug 1337–19 Aug 1410), Find a Grave Memorial no. Louis II de Bourbon, 4e prince de Condé, byname the Great Condé, French le Grand Condé, also called duc d’Enghien, (born Sept. 8, 1621, Paris, France—died Dec. 11, 1686, Fontainebleau), leader of the last of the series of aristocratic uprisings in France known as the Fronde (1648–53). Shortly after their release in February 1651, the diverging interests of the two rebellious parties led to a shift of alliances, with the crown and Parlements against Condé's party of the high nobility.
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